18th April 2014
By Stefanie Chernow

Kigali Declaration

Turning the Pages of Hate

We the participants at the Turning the Page of Hate Media Dialogue, held in Kigali, Rwanda, on April 17 -18th 2014,

Having considered the impact of genocide against Tutsi and having paid solemn tribute to those, including in media, who lost their lives,

Believing that the time is right for a renewal of the Africa-wide struggle to combat attempts to use media as instruments of propaganda, hatred and violence,

Considering that free media and ethical journalism are cornerstones of democracy and vital to the creation of unified, peaceful and tolerant society,

Insisting that hate speech, which incites violence and intense hatred between communities, must be exposed, isolated and eliminated without undermining ethical journalism and press freedom,

Calling on all governments in Africa to commit themselves to the highest standards of press freedom and free expression and to support continental efforts to strengthen journalism and media by signing the Declaration of Table Mountain,

Noting that among the primary victims of intolerance and discrimination are women and people from minority communities whose portrayal in media is often demeaning and full of stereotypes,

Welcoming the rapid expansion of internet access across Africa and recognising that there is an urgent need to promote responsible use of information online but also to counter and, where appropriate, to block hate speech in social networks,

Further recognising the growing significance of online information in the media economy and strongly insisting that media do not sacrifice standards and ethical credibility for commercial gain, and finally

Noting the tendency of media on all platforms to sensationalise information and to use stereotypes and clichés which reinforce the conditions in which hate speech can flourish,

We declare our support for the launch of an unprecedented campaign, Turning the Page of Hate Media in Africa, with the aim of promoting ethical, tolerant and inclusive journalism, good media governance and responsible communications across the open information landscape.

We further welcome the commitment of the government of Rwanda to support this campaign.

We urge the organisers of this meeting to establish a framework for the operation and development of the campaign including the preparation of materials and activities to the benefit of journalism in Africa.

As a start we endorse:

a) the enclosed guidelines to test for hate speech in journalism;

b) the partnership proposed to the African media community by the Special Envoy for Women, Peace and Security of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission to fight against hate speech that targets women;

c) the organisation of further activities including a meeting in Kampala, Uganda, on Hate Speech and Reporting on Violence and Discrimination Against Women and an event in Johannesburg, South Africa, at the time of the African Media Leaders Forum.

We urge all media professional groups at national and regional level and across all platforms of journalism in Africa to raise awareness of the ethical challenges set out here and to strengthen editorial work in line with the objectives of the Turning the Page of Hate in Media campaign.

Finally, we thank the Media High Council, the Ethical Journalism Network and the African Media Initiative for the organisation of this meeting.

We urge them to broaden support for the campaign through further co-operation with the participants signed below who include among them representatives and members of Africa’s leading media professional groups including the Association of Rwandan Female Journalists, African Editors’ Forum, Federation of African Journalists, International Association of Women in Radio and Television, Institute for Democracy and Education in Media, Rwanda Media Commission, Rwanda Journalists Association, World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers, and the Ugandan Journalists’ Union.

Kigali, April 18th 2014



African Media Initiative
Media High Council of Rwanda
Ethical Journalism Network
Special Envoy on Women, Peace and Security of the African Union
Association of Rwandan Female Journalists
African Editors’ Forum
Federation of African Journalists
Institute for Democracy and Education in Media (West Africa)
International Association of Women in Radio and Television
Rwanda Media Commission
Rwanda Journalists Association
World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA)
Ugandan Journalists’ Union